CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is Mumbai Railway Station it comes under Central Station Indian Railway Zone. It is India’s Busiest Railway Station and pre covid, It uses to Clock daily 3.5 Million passengers a day.
All Trains to Mumbai stop at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Famous Local Trains itself has Passengers of about 2 Million in CST. This is was attacked in 2008 by Terrorists, This has also Closed Top Platforms. This station was Granted UNESCO World Heritage Status in 2004.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was built by British Architect Fredrick William Stevens in the year 1878, The Construction was completed in the year 1888, That year was marked as 50 Years of Queen Victoria’s Rule, That is the reason it was named as Victoria Terminus formerly.
Later this was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in the year 2017 by then Chief minister Fadnavis So that it remembers their great ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj who ruled Maharashtra in the 15th Century. The Station Code name is CSTM.
British Architecture Fredrick William Stevens built this Station and he took very special care about the architecture, Inspired by the churches in Italy, He adopted Gothic Style Italian Church architecture and applied it here.
The Dome height is 330ft long and the Length it Covers is 1200ft Train. The Victorian Gothic Style architecture attracts many tourists worldwide. Victoria Queen statue is built on top of the Building. The Material used to Construct this terminus is Indian SandStone and Lime Stone, Also for decorative elements, Italian Marble is used.
Victorian Gothic Style
Gothic Architecture was Started in the Late 12th Century and Continued Upto 16th Century, It was evolved from Norman Architecture in France and later was developed into Gothic Style. The Gothic Style Specialty is the Wide Archs stretching from the Ceiling to the Floor.
Those were the earlier Stages of Gothic Architecture, But the Later Styles were from the Ceiling to the Initial floor Slab and from there Construction using marbles or Bricks.
Gothic Style Architecture was revived back in the 1740s after the rise of Catholic Evangelism. Many Churches around the world followed this style of architecture, Also Mumbai Victoria Memorial is completely built-in this Gothic Style Architecture.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus/ Victoria Terminus is also called CST/VT in short form. It is Mumbai Railway Station and also India’s Second Highest Railway Station in Footfalls, After New Delhi Railway Station in Delhi.
The Tourists are regular whenever they visit this railway station. Particularly almost 10 Million tourists Visitors visited CST in 2019, But Daily the Passengers in CST will be around 2.5 Million.
UNESCO WHS Status
UNESCO Granted Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus World Heritage Site Status in 2004, It was actually in the Grade I list in 1997, But after analyzing and since it met all the 10 point Criteria, Based on Culture and Heritage it was Granted World Heritage Site status.
COVID 19 Restrictions
Right now, Mumbai is facing LockDown. Still few restrictions are going on but Night Curfew is ON. Better to avoid visiting this place now. But the place is open now, You can visit this place by following few mandatory Guidelines.