CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus | CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Architecture | Victoria Terminus Mumbai |CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus UNESCO |CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus History | CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus UPSC
CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is Mumbai Railway Station it comes under Central Station Indian Railway Zone. It is India’s Busiest Railway Station and pre covid, It uses to Clock daily 3.5 Million passengers a day.
All Trains to Mumbai stop at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Famous Local Trains itself has Passengers of about 2 Million in CST. This is was attacked in 2008 by Terrorists, This has also Closed Top Platforms. This station was Granted UNESCO World Heritage Status in 2004.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was built by British Architect Fredrick William Stevens in the year 1878, The Construction was completed in the year 1888, That year was marked as 50 Years of Queen Victoria’s Rule, That is the reason it was named as Victoria Terminus formerly.
Later this was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in the year 2017 by then Chief minister Fadnavis So that it remembers their great ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj who ruled Maharashtra in the 15th Century. The Station Code name is CSTM.
British Architecture Fredrick William Stevens built this Station and he took very special care about the architecture, Inspired by the churches in Italy, He adopted Gothic Style Italian Church architecture and applied it here.
The Dome height is 330ft long and the Length it Covers is 1200ft Train. The Victorian Gothic Style architecture attracts many tourists worldwide. Victoria Queen statue is built on top of the Building. The Material used to Construct this terminus is Indian SandStone and Lime Stone, Also for decorative elements, Italian Marble is used.
Victorian Gothic Style
Gothic Architecture was Started in the Late 12th Century and Continued Upto 16th Century, It was evolved from Norman Architecture in France and later was developed into Gothic Style. The Gothic Style Specialty is the Wide Archs stretching from the Ceiling to the Floor.
Those were the earlier Stages of Gothic Architecture, But the Later Styles were from the Ceiling to the Initial floor Slab and from there Construction using marbles or Bricks.
Gothic Style Architecture was revived back in the 1740s after the rise of Catholic Evangelism. Many Churches around the world followed this style of architecture, Also Mumbai Victoria Memorial is completely built-in this Gothic Style Architecture.
Change of Name
The station became named the Victoria Terminus at the event of Queen Victoria’s Jubilee in 1887. In 1996 it became renamed the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in honor of Chhatrapati Shivaji (1627-80), the scourge of the Mughals and founding father of the Mahratta empire, which became ultimately extinguished through the British withinside the early 19th century.
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra and Shivaji is the country hero. The station — the unique terminus of the Central Railways — became designed through Frederick William Stevens, born in Bath, who joined the Indian Public Works Department at the age of twenty.
It is stated to were prompted through George Gilbert Scott’s Gothic Midland Hotel, even though it contains exceptional Indian carving and ornamental features. John Lockwood Kipling (1837-1911), the father of Rudyard Kipling, became Director of the Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy School of Art in Bombay — the primary cutting-edge artwork college in India.
The organization promulgated the concept of amalgamating Indian and Western traditions, which became a part of authorities’ policy. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus became placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004 — the primary constructing of its kind.
It serves as the main terminus for suburban trains in addition to long-distance trains, the 2 units being separated into the vintage systems touching the historical past constructing, and the brand new systems down the linked corridor. The early records of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR), the business enterprise that owned the terminus, is via way of means of itself a record of Indian railways.
It changed into, after all, from Bori Bunder wherein the primary passenger teach went to Thane amidst amazing fanfare and persevered to grow. The CST construction serves as a residing workplace for the Central Railway, and the intricacy of the paintings accomplished via way of means of the JJ School of Architecture on its partitions, pillars, and spires, is awe-inspiring.
The amazing human beings related to the bringing in of the railways, both Director of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway or different outstanding human beings of that age, are honored at the partitions with busts in a chain of medallions.
The metropolis of Bombay (because it changed into known as then) changed into being evolved via way of means of the British authorities as an amazing port and buying and selling middle and the Indian population had an amazing function in contributing to the same, each in phrases of financial participation, and via way of means of actively contributing to the development of amazing public buildings, the port, and different civic.
After the authorities of the East India Company led to 1858, an amazing shift changed into made withinside the Victorian age from setting up new legal guidelines that promoted a current codified law (just like the Indian Penal Code, the Negotiable Instruments Act, etc. ), and public institutions (the High Court, the University, the Public Works Department, etc) closer to the introduction of a brand new set of civic amenities (together with the BMC and Crawford Market) and the Vihar waterworks.
This changed into observed via way of means of plenty of public structure on a grand scale, together with the Victoria Terminus/ CST. The duration following the alternate of presidency additionally witnessed the breaking down of the Bombay Fort via way of means of the brand new government to create a brand new metropolis.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus/ Victoria Terminus is also called CST/VT in short form. It is Mumbai Railway Station and also India’s Second Highest Railway Station in Footfalls, After New Delhi Railway Station in Delhi.
The Tourists are regular whenever they visit this railway station. Particularly almost 10 Million tourists Visitors visited CST in 2019, But Daily the Passengers in CST will be around 2.5 Million.
UNESCO WHS Status
UNESCO Granted Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus World Heritage Site Status in 2004, It was actually in the Grade I list in 1997, But after analyzing and since it met all the 10 point Criteria, Based on Culture and Heritage it was Granted World Heritage Site status.
COVID 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.