Jaipur Pink City | Jaipur City History | Kings who Ruled Jaipur | Jai Singh Mahraj Jaipur | Pink City of Rajasthan | UNESCO Site Jaipur | Pink City Jaipur UPSC

Jaipur was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in 1727, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh was a Kachwaha Rajput, who ruled from 1699-1744 and is called Pink City.

The Capital City of Rajasthan is Jaipur. It is the Popular Tourist Destination in Rajasthan known for its Series of Monuments like Temples, Forts, Palaces. Jaipur(Pink City) is also famous for its Cuisine and Drinks like Kachori, Rabdi, and Lassi. Many Tourists worldwide visit this place.

Mostly Colors of the Buildings or Monuments are of the color Pink because they used Pink Sandstone, That is the reason Jaipur is called “PINK CITY”. It is also united by India’s Golden Triangle project where it is directly linked to Agra and Delhi through Highway Route.


The City of Jaipur was founded by Jai Singh II of Amer, It is after him the City was named Jaipur in 1727. The Architecture and City Planning is done by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. At the time of British India, this city was the capital of Jaipur State.

Hawa Mahal was built during 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. That was Palace built for ladies to experience the cool breeze and enjoy festivals. There are vintage cars and instruments which are displayed there. Also, Jantar Mantar is a yantra used for the purpose of Astronomy and seeing objects farther in Sky by Jai Singh II.

Initially, his capital became Amber metropolis, which lies at a distance of eleven km from Jaipur. He felt the want of transferring his capital metropolis with the growth in populace and developing shortage of water. Jaipur is the primary deliberate metropolis of India.

The King consulted numerous books on structure and designers earlier than making the format of Jaipur. Jaipur is complete of well-known forts, captivating palaces, and cute temples The creation of the metropolis began out in 1727. It took around four years to finish the principal palaces, roads, and squares.

The metropolis was constructed following the standards of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian Architecture. The metropolis was divided into 9 blocks, of which consist the kingdom homes and palaces, with the closing seven allocated to the public. Huge fortification partitions had been made in conjunction with seven sturdy gates.

For the time, the structure of the city was very superior and sincerely first-class withinside the Indian subcontinent. In 1853, the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur; the complete metropolis became painted crimson to welcome him.

Today, avenues continue to be painted in crimson, offer a distinct look to the metropolis. In the nineteenth century, the metropolis grew rapidly, with the aid of using, In 1900 it had a populace of 160,000. And in 2001 it is 2,324,319.


The City is developed based on the conditions of Vastu by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. The City has all Pink shades everywhere because the material used for building Palaces and mahals are Red Sandstone and Pink Sandstone.

Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail Diwan of Jaipur (1942-1946) joins because the top minister. The primary marketplace of Jaipur has been named Mirza Ismail Road (MI Road). The town turned into deliberate in keeping with Indian Vastu Shastra.

The guidelines of every avenue and marketplace are East to West and North to South. The Eastern gate is referred to as Suraj Pol (Sun), even as the Western gate is referred to as Chand Pol (Moon).

There are most effective 3 gates going through east, west, and north together with the Northern gate (called Zorawar Singh gate) which faces closer to the ancestral capital of Amber, even as many gates face south.

Pink City

Jaipur has been popularized with the call of Pink City due to the color of the stone solely used for the development of all of the structures. Anyone who has witnessed the metropolis can substantiate the reality that each one of the homes of Jaipur is crimson in color.

The crimson colour has its very own history. In 1876, the Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria visited India on a tour. Since crimson denotes the colour of hospitality, Maharaja Ram Singh of Jaipur painted the entire metropolis crimson in colour to welcome the guests. The way of life has been virtually observed through the citizens who’re now, through the law, pressured to keep the crimson colour.

Pink in color and crimson in vibrancy, the metropolis of Jaipur is one of the maximum lovely and magnetic towns of India. One continually falls brief of phrases at the same time as describing the bounteous attraction that the metropolis captivates the traveler with.

The culture, architecture, traditions, art, jewelry, and textiles of Jaipur have continually charmed the travelers. It is one metropolis that, even after modernization, nonetheless holds to its roots and values.

Apart from being the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is likewise the most important metropolis withinside the state. The basis of the metropolis dates again to the eighteenth century, with a credit score to the amazing warrior and astronomer Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.

The superb beyond of Jaipur comes alive withinside the palaces and forts withinside the metropolis in which as soon as lived the royal clans. The majestic forts and Havelis, the lovely temples, the serene landscapes, and the wealthy cultural heritage, have made Jaipur an excellent vacation spot for tourists.


Jaipur City is now very well developed in Transportation. Jaipur Airport, Jaipur Railway Station, and Jaipur Bus Stand are the Major Transportation that has direct trains/flights to Metropolitan Cities like Mumbai, Delhi, and many other cities. Jaipur Metro Station Commenced its operation in 2015 and phase – II is still under construction.


Jaipur is famous for its culture and Heritage, Especially Rajasthan is still the place where they still preserve the culture, Many Festivals are celebrated, Jaipur is famous for Jewellery, Pottery, Craftmenship like Ivory Carvings, Paintings, Carpet designing and many more.


Unesco has granted Jaipur, World Heritage Status on 6th July 2019, For its Culture, Ancient Architecture, and also based on History.

Best Season to Visit

Summer and Monsoon are the Best Seasons to Visit Jaipur.
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