Ellora Caves
Image by VgBingi from Pixabay

Ellora Caves is another Monument in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, It is stretched over 2 Km and has 34 Monastries, This is also a Rock Cut Caves just like Ajantha Caves, But This is dedicated to many religions like Buddism, Jainism, and Hinduism.

The Monastries are divided into Stages that are dedicated to a particular group of religions. The Hinduism-related Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, It has the same Look and Architecture as Kailasanathar Temple in Tamil Nadu.

The Rock Cut Temple is Carved out of Basalt Rock, Also the Entire rock is Cut and the Remains of rock are not found around which still remains as a Mystery For Everyone.

History

The name Ellora came from Elapur, He was the King who earlier ruled this Place. The Site is located on the Western Ghats in the Deccan Region on Chandragiri Hills. Ellora Caves are Constructed in Three Phases and Each Phase is representing Constructions of Particular Religions art.

There are as many as 100 Caves in Aurangabad, But Ajantha has 32 Caves and Ellora has 34 Caves. Out of 34, 12 are Buddhist Caves, 17 are Hindu Caves and 5 are Jain Caves. The Buddist and Hindi Caves were built during the era of the Rashtakuta Dynasty, Whereas The Jain Caves were built during Yadava Dynasty.

The Buddist caves were built between 400-600 AD by Rashtrakutas, The Numbers from 1-12 are Buddhist Caves. The Hindu Caves were built between 600-700 AD numbers from 13-29 are Hindu Caves, The Jain Caves were built between 800-1000AD numbers from 29-34 are Jain Caves.

Architecture

Ellora is an Architectural Wonder, The Rock Cut Carvings, Cutting and entire Rock which is 200,000 sq yds are into a single Temple with Towers and Sculptures are just Marvel. Also, The biggest mystery is the remains after cutting the rock have not been found nearby.

The Carpenters cave is carved in such a way that it looks like the Rock is bent on top, All these things have been done about 1500 Years ago, This Site has Basalt salt rock which has a shining texture, The Craftsmanship Job on all 34 rocks are really fantastic.

Unesco WHS

Image from astroved

Unesco Declared this site as a World Heritage Site in 1983, The Reason for Declaring and giving WHS Status is that it is a Rock Cut cave temple, And a huge rock has been cut and Carved beautifully which represents all the religions Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

Travel Route

Travel Route

Jalgaon Airport is the Closest airport to Ellora Caves it is 150kms away from Ellora caves. This Airport is well connected to Many Places in India. Most of the flights are from Mumbai, Surat, Delhi, and Jaipur.

Mumbai is 414 Km Away and Surat is 320 Km away from Jalgaon. International tourists must reach either Mumbai or Surat First and then travel to Jalgaon Either Flight or Bus.

The nearest Railway Station is Jalgaon Railway Station.

The Distance from Ajantha to Ellora is 100 Kms.

Ticket Prices

Closed on Tuesday’s , Timings are 8 AM to 6 PM

IXIGO

UPSC NOTES

  • Ellora Caves is another Monument in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra.
  • This is dedicated to many religions like Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism.
  • The Hinduism-related Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, It has the same Look and Architecture as Kailasanathar Temple in Tamil Nadu.
  • The name Ellora came from Elapur.
  • The Site is located on the Western Ghats in the Deccan Region on Chandragiri Hills.
  • There are as many as 100 Caves in Aurangabad, But Ajantha has 32 Caves and Ellora has 34 Caves.
  • Out of 34, 12 are Buddhist Caves, 17 are Hindu Caves and 5 are Jain Caves.
  • The Buddist caves were built between 400-600 AD by Rashtrakutas, The Numbers from 1-12 are Buddhist Caves.
  • The Hindu Caves were built between 600-700 AD numbers from 13-29 are Hindu Caves.
  • The Jain Caves were built between 800-1000AD numbers from 29-34 are Jain Caves.
  • Unesco Declared this site as a World Heritage Site in 1983.