Great Himalayan National Park Location | Great Himalayan National Park Geography | Great Himalayan National Park UNESCO | Great Himalayan National Park Peaks | Great Himalayan National Park Climate | Great Himalayan National Park Formation History | Great Himalayan National Park UPSC
The Great Himalayan National Park is situated in the Kullu region of Himachal Pradesh Indian State, It has wonderful Biodiversity with many different species making it their home. This is the Largest National Park in India and is spread about almost 1200 Sq Km.
This Park Conserves many species and also Flora and Fauna are most talked about in this Himalayan National Park. There are 375 Fauna Species and many others Like 31 Mammals, 181 Birds and etc.
The Himalaya as an entire is indexed as one in every of Conservation International’s 34 most important biodiversity hotspots. The Himalaya Hotspot includes now no longer best the world’s maximum mountains and related alpine ecosystems however additionally huge expanses of lower-elevation temperate and subtropical forests and grasslands.
Hotspots are described through diverse criteria, consisting of the presence of excessive probabilities of endemic flora and animals, and excessive biodiversity. GHNP without difficulty fulfills those criteria, and is domestic to 832 & 386 varieties of floral and faunal species, respectively, which incorporates the rarest Himalayan blue poppy, the western tragopan, and the Himalayan tahr.
As everyone is aware that the Himalayas are formed when India is a separate country 100 Million Years ago and when it collided with the Asian Sub Continent, Due to heavy Techtonic pressure between the Two Continents a Large Strech of Mountains with High Peaks and Altitude have been formed resulting int the Formation of Ice and Water Bodies.
There are specifically Living Beings that can withstand Cold Climate and Himalayan National Park houses all those species.
The Great Himalayan National Park was established in 1984 and spread around 1200 Sq Km and at an altitude of 1500 and 6000m. In the same year, it was notified by Himachal Pradesh Government.
In 2010, each of the Sainj and Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuaries had been brought to Great Himalayan National Park, however will now no longer be officially integrated till a technique referred to as the agreement of rights has occurred.
Thus the initiated merger of Sainj and Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuaries with Great Himalayan National Park may be observed via way of means of a technique of agreement to relocate population and make the place freed from conventional pressures, which might also additionally take a few time.
In 2010, 710 km² of the Parvati River catchment, contiguous to the northern boundary of Great Himalayan National Park, turned into instated as Khirganga National Park ‒ including in addition organic diversity, conservation value, and bodily safety to the Park.
This was granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 2014 and Stated that it has “Outstanding Significance for Biodiversity Conservation”. Given based on Natural Category.
The inscription confirms Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area’s Outstanding Universal Value as a site containing the maximum vital and giant herbal habitats for in-situ conservation of Western Himalayan organic diversity, along with the ones containing threatened species of first-rate normal fee from the factor of view of technological know-how.
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is placed withinside the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Initially constituted in 1984, GHNP became officially declared a National Park in 1999, overlaying a place of 754.4 sq km. In 1994, primary modifications have been made in land use across the Park.
A buffer region of five km from the Park’s western boundary, overlaying 265.6 sq km. and along with 2300 families in one hundred sixty villages, become delineated as an Ecozone. Most of the population (approximately 15,000 to 16,000 people) withinside the Ecozone are bad and depending on herbal sources for his or her livelihoods
Mammalian fauna is represented via way of means of over 31 species. The mammalian fauna of GHNP and its buffer region are standard of the numerous ecoregions of the Western Himalaya.
It is enormously diverse, reflecting the truth that there are numerous habitats and quite a few climatic zones withinside the Park and buffer region. The mammalian range is considerably better than in different areas.
whilst the Himalayan Tahr is endemic to the Western Himalaya. Birds shape an extensive constituent of the biodiversity of the examine area.
There have been 183 species of birds (each resident and migrant) suggested via way of means of Gaston et al. (1993). Ramesh (2003) introduced 26 greater species to the list, bringing the whole wide variety of species showed to 209.
The Himalayas also is one of the maximum fragile mountain areas of the arena and keeps a vast repository of organic variety that’s an increasing number of under strain from human activities.
The park is nestled among mountain ridges starting from 1,700 m. to 5,800 m. excessive which stand to protect on all facets besides the west. The park contains the catchments of Jiwa, Sainj, and Tirthan rivulets and is positioned on the junction of the Palearctic faunal realm to the north and the Oriental sample to the south.
The Sainj and Tirthan valleys are slender and steep-sided, so without an awful lot of glaciation. The Eastern of the Park is completely protected with snow and ice.
It is evidently covered at the northern, eastern, and southern obstacles through steep ridges and mountain ranges.1/3rd of the park, from the foot-hills to approximately 3,600 m.
Best Season to Visit
To behold the best of climate and beautiful flora and fauna, March, April, May, June and Mid-September, October, and November are the best time to visit the Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh. The Himalayan Eco-Tourism team organizes treks during these months
Entry Ticket Cost
For Indian Adults you need to take a permit for reaching Great Himalayan National Park, Entry Fee is 100rs, For Foreigners it is 400Rs. For Indian Students it is 50rs and for Foreign Students, it is 250 Rs.
Click below site for more details about how to reach Great Himalayan National Park
Covid 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.