Detailed History of Fatehpur Sikri Monument
Fatehpur Sikri History | Fatehpur Sikri Architecture | Fatehpur Sikri Mughal Empire | Fatehpur Sikri Height | Fatehpur Sikri UNESCO | Fatehpur Sikri UPSC
Fatehpur Sikri is one among the Group of Monuments in Agra, Constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th Century, This Place is also one among the famous and Most Visited tourist Attractions along with Taj Mahal and Agra Fort.
The Specialty of Fatehpur Sikri is its Gateway Door known as Darwaja, The Height of the Darwaja is 57M(177 ft) Long. There are many Hallways, Gateways, Palaces in Fatehpur Sikri. This Place is used as a Temporary Stay For Mughal Emperors.
Fatehpur Sikri is located in Agra District of Uttar Pradesh State, This City is known as ” The City of Victory“. This City was made as a Capital city by the Mughal Emperor Akbar from 1571 to 1585. The Constructed Started in the year 1571 and Completed in 1573.
This was made as a Capital City of Mughal Emperors and they built many buildings like administrative buildings, Judicial, palaces, Gardens, Public Places, Rooms for Servants, and also Swimming Pools. Later in 1585 the Capital City was moved from Agra to Lahore, From then it was used as a Temporarily Stay Place for Mughal Emperors, Whenever they visit this Place, They would have resting time here. From 1610 this place became completely Abandoned.
Fatehpur Sikri Sits on Hilly Rock, It is bordered by a 6 km Wall and The Fort Length is 3 km and width is 1 km. The Construction Material used is the same as for Agra Fort, It is Red Sandstone and also few White Marble is also used to Construct Walls and Floors of Palaces.
The Chisels made on Walls to Achieve Lattice Squares are perfect. The Ventilation is Superb. Also, Swimming Pools are Constructed in a Symmetric Pattern. The Darwaja height is 57M(177 ft).
Features and Insights
The grand town turned into constituted of numerous palatial courts, a harem building, a mosque, non-public emperor’s quarters, residential buildings, the tomb of a Sufi saint, a large outside board game, a pool, and software buildings.
These have been colored a rosy hue via way of means of the nearby purple sand used as production material. Fatehpur Sikri is likewise first-rate for the truth that it integrated the various cultures of the Mughal empire the name, in addition to the geometric layout, drew on historical Persian influences, while the buildings’ ornamental gildings have been classically Indian.
Akbar turned into regarded for his tolerance of multi-non secular culture, and the population of the town accompanied Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity without conflict.
Not lengthy after the castle turned into completed, the lake that supplied water to the complicated dried up, and lifestyles at Fatehpur Sikri turned into unsustainable. Emperor Muhammad Shah lived withinside the town between 1719 and 1748, and the Marathas warriors occupied the town for a brief time after that.
Once the British invaded India, their navy used the castle as a barracks, at some point of which era it turned into badly damaged.
This Place will opt as one of the places to visit if people come through Tourist Escorts Because this comes under the group of monuments of Agra. Tourists who visit the Taj Mahal may also visit Fatehpur Sikri.
Almost 3 Million Visitors visited Fatehpur Sikri in 2019. Fatehpur Sikri is 40 km away from Agra. So Many Tourist Buses are directly Available to reach this Place. Railway Station is just 1 Km Away and Buses are directly available.
Unesco was given a Proposal by the Government of India in 1973, They Recognized and Proposed the Status of the World Heritage Site in 1986, Because This comes along with the group of monuments in Agra, and also it represents Unique Architecture and resembles Indo- Islamic Style.
A metropolis has grown as much as the west of the ruins, and nevertheless makes use of the mosque for worship. Archaeological excavation has indicated that the importance of the Site dates manner in advance of Emperor Akbar and Fatehpur Sikri.
Thousand-year-antique Jain statues and homes were unearthed below the city, suggesting that a few misplaced subcultures existed there previous to the Mughals. One of the interesting systems at Fatehpur Sikri was once called Panch Mahal. Panch Mahal means “five-tale excessive royal pavilion”.
As the call suggests, it includes a five-tale body pavilion product of purple sandstone. The open ground plan lets it function as a transition construction among the conventional masonry shape on one facet and an open plaza on the other.
Panch Mahal‘s body shape and open-plan have become part of modernist architect Le Corbusier’s architectural grammar. Panch Mahal’s contribution as a precursor to the fashionable structure isn’t always regularly diagnosed withinside the History of Architecture. However, it should be diagnosed as a pioneer of modernism in structure.
Climate Effect has done very Minimally to No Damage to Fatehpur Sikri Because it is located on the Hill Top and surrounded by the Atrifically Built Lake which is still being protected and Not Polluted.
The Best Season to Visit Fatehpur Sikri is between Monsoon and Winter, But This place can be Visited round the Year.
Places inside Fatehpur Sikri
- Buland Darwaza
- King’s Gate
- Entrance to Queen’s Palace
- Anup Talao
- Mariam Uz Zamani
Agra is 250kms Far From New Delhi, Direct Flights are available to New Delhi, There is also a domestic airport in Agra only services are available to Delhi in Irregular Timings, So There are Two Ways,
- To directly reach Delhi via Flight
- From Delhi to Agra Flight.
The Nearest Railway Station is Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station which is just 1km away.
Buses are Direct to Agra.
International Flight to Delhi Costs about 1000$ Depending Upon the Country.
National Flights are up to 5000 Rs.
Train Cost is 1200 Rs.
Bus Ticket is about 2300 Rs.
Many Hotels within a Budget of 2000 Rs are available in OYO and Booking.com
Covid 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.