The 13 Imperial Tombs of the Ming Dynasty


Ming Dynasty

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasty China | Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasty Beijing | Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasty History | Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasty Timings | Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasty UNESCO

We have discussed earlier the Contributions Of the Ming Dynasty. They had a foothold in every Chinese Monument like The Great Wall of China and the Forbidden City. The Ming Dynasty ruled from 1368 to 1644. Almost 13 Kings Served during this TimeLine. The Ming Dynasty Decided to Built a mausoleum for Each king and also a collection of Artifacts during his period. The First Tomb was Built near Nanjing, But Later all the Other Tombs are located near Beijing.

The Ming tombs were put under the protection of the Beijing municipal government in 1957.

Ming Dynasty History

The First Tomb of Ming Dynasty Emperor Yongle Emperor and his Empress was built in Nanjing in 1424. Later On, another 12 kings were buried in this Location, and Tombs were Constructed.

The location is characterized with the aid of using degrees of mountains and a lovely landscape. The Qianquan is in which the tombs are located, which occupies forty-eight rectangular km, and is enclosed in geomantic partitions of a few 20 km each at the east and at the west, with a crimson gate that was erected to the south of the location.

Architecture History

The burial site has the Tai Tomb of Emperor Yongzheng (reigned 1723-35), the Chang Tomb of Emperor Jiaqing (reigned 1796-1820), the Mu Tomb of Emperor Daoguang (reigned 1821-50), the Chong Tomb of Emperor Guangxu (reigned 1875-1908), and the tombs of diverse empresses, consorts, princes and princesses.

The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Xian Tomb is the burial Site for Prince Xingxian and his wife, dad, and mom of Emperor Jiaqing (reigned 1522-66). The tomb occupies a place of 136.47 hectares and is hemmed in with the aid of using excessive walls.

Started in 1519 and finished in 1540, the Xian Tomb resembles the Ming Tombs close to Beijing, however, it takes up extra space. It is the best Ming Tomb observed in southern China and is frequently known as the fifteenth Ming Tomb. The Xian Tomb become placed below key kingdom safety in 1985.

Xiaoling Tomb, placed at the southern slope of Purple Mountain in jap suburban Nanjing, capital metropolis of Jiangsu Province, buried the primary emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Zhu Yuanzhang, and his empress.

Looking grand and magnificent, it represents the best attainment of structure and stone-engraving art, having an extremely good effect on the next emperors’ tombs scattered in Beijing, Hubei, Liaoning, and Hebei withinside the following 500 years.

Construction of the Xiaoling Tomb become formally began out in 1381 and took 25 years to finish in 1405. Some 100,000 army infantrymen and civilians have been deployed to perform the project. Damaged via way of means of war, the Xiaoling Tomb web website online has now handiest the Sacred Way, Archway for Dismounting, Great Golden Gate, and Rectangular City nonetheless preserved further to the tomb itself.

The coffin chamber wherein he and his queen had been buried is known as Baocheng (Precious Hall), a clay vault a few four hundred meters in diameter and with partitions manufactured from square stone slabs. After being uncovered to the factors for a few six hundred years, a part of the partitions collapsed and massive cracks seemed in a few different components because of earth subsidence.

Xiaoling Tomb begins with the Archway for Dismounting and extends to the Precious Hall withinside the rear, having an intensity of over 2,600 meters.

The imagination of the Xiaoling Tomb is likewise embodied withinside the winding Sacred Way flanked with the aid of using stone animals and figures, consultant of high-stage stone engraving artwork withinside the early duration of Ming Dynasty.

The Kings and Their Imperial Tombs Date

  • Chang Ling Mausoleum 1424
  • Xian Ling Mausoleum 1425
  • Jing Ling Mausoleum 1435
  • Yu Ling Mausoleum 1449
  • Mao Ling Mausoleum 1487
  • Tai Ling Mausoleum 1505
  • Kang Ling Mausoleum 1521
  • Yong Ling Mausoleum 1566
  • Zhao Ling Mausoleum 1572
  • Qing Ling Mausoleum 1620
  • Ding Ling Mausoleum 1620
  • De Ling Mausoleum 1627
  • Si Ling Mausoleum 1644

Under the steerage of conventional Chinese Fengshui (geomancy), the complete technique from site to designing of the tombs paid interest to concord among tomb structure and the encompassing mountains, rivers, and plant life to encompass the philosophical view that guy is an indispensable part of nature.

Of the thirteen tombs, Dingling, the tomb of Emperor Wanli (reigned 1537-1619), was found out during archaeological excavation in 1956, and all different tomb structure has remained intact.

The Sacred Way (Shendao) in the front of every tomb in addition to different principal architectures which includes the marble memorial archway, the Great Red Gate (Dahongmen), a tall rectangular stele pavilion, Avenue of the Animals, and Dragon and Phoenix Gate (Longfengmen) are nonetheless in ideal condition.

Lots of pines and cypress planted withinside the Ming Dynasty outside and inside the tomb complexes and flanking the Sacred Way are nonetheless developing well. The tombs for imperial concubines and eunuchs in the mausoleum region have been reclaimed as farmland in the course of the later years of the Qing Dynasty, however, the underground coffin chambers have remained intact.

Ming Dynasty Tombs

The Ming tombs lie in an extensive valley to the south of Tianshou Mountain (Longevity of Heaven) in Changping District, approximately forty-four km northwest of Beijing proper.

To the southwest of this valley, a department of the Yanshan Range unexpectedly breaks off and bureaucracy a herbal gateway to the 40-square-km basin wherein the bombs had been built. Thirteen out of the sixteen Ming emperors in addition to 23 empresses, 1 highest-rating concubine, and a dozen immolated imperial concubines had been buried on this nonviolent valley.

Qing Dynasty Tomb Location

The First Tomb was in Nanjing and now the Majority of tombs are near Beijing. The Tombs are located in Changping District, Beijing Municipality. It is only 42 km from the city of Beijing. After the Completion of Forbidden City in 1420, The Yongle emperor selected the Site and Created his own Burial.

UNESCO

Ming Dynasty

The Imperial Tombs belong to both Ming and Qing Dynasties, Unesco Granted World Heritage Site Status based on Cultural Category in 2000.

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