Le Corubiser Architecture | Le Corubiser Full Name | Le Corubiser History | Le Corubiser Notable Works | Le Corubiser Contributions to Architecture | Le Corubiser UPSC | Le Corubiser Art Work
Le Corbusier is a Swiss Architect, Designer, and Urban Planner. He was born in Switzerland in 1887, His full name is Charles-Édouard Jeanneret. He is known as the Pioneer of Modern Architecture.
His Design of Buildings Looks like an Art Work, Many of the Buildings or Places he designed represents Social Movements and Culture of that Era. He Designed many buildings in Europe, India, Japan, North and South America.
Le Corbusier founded CIAM Congres International Architecture Moderne. In 2016 17 Buildings that he designed around the world were given World Heritage Status by UNESCO.
Chandigarh is the Capital City of Punjab, The City is known for its Cleanliness and beauty. The Government of India decided to build Capitol Complex for Administrative Purposes in Punjab, So he decided to hire Le Corbusier an Architect from Switzerland. Construction started in 1951 and ended in 1956.
Many Buildings like the High Court Building, Secretariat Building, Palace of Assembly are designed with utmost care. Le Corbusier was contacted by Then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
The City Planning was done by as mentioned Le Corbusier a Pioneer in Modern Engineering, Chandigarh City Town Planning was given to Him. After Independence Jawaharlal Nehru Contacted the Architect to design Government Complexes and Town Planning in Chandigarh.
The Capitol Complex is spread around 100 Acres. Le Corbusier is Visionary and he always represents modern movements in his architecture, He always rejected ideas of Forced Labour and would never encourage high buildings in small spaces because it may lead to parking problems and Conditions in the Future.
So would design Buildings with maximum spaces and Ventilation. He is always criticized for Utilizing more spaces for constructing buildings, But he rejects saying that people who approach with such plans to me support forced labors in the future.
Chandigarh Project in India
India is the primary us of a withinside the global to have invited Le Corbusier to present concrete expression to his theories withinside the designing of the brand new capital of Punjab, namely, Chandigarh.
Le Corbusier observed a sympathetic and visionary customer withinside the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. Corbusier’s paintings in India have left a long-lasting legacy in current structure now no longer handiest on this us of a however withinside the whole global.
The early fifties noticed the start of Le Corbusier’s affiliation with India. It began out whilst PN Thapar, the Chief Administrator of the Chandigarh venture, and PL Varma, the Chief Engineer of Punjab have been despatched to Europe to choose a group to layout a brand new capital for the kingdom of Punjab which might be named Chandigarh.
They had with them a listing of ability applicants which changed into compiled with the help of Otto Koenigsberger, a London-primarily based totally planner. Le Corbusier’s very presence in India changed to notably rework the photo and standing of architects in addition to structure as a profession. However, the maximum sizable extrude changed into associated with the classy content material of the formal schooling guides of architects in the colleges of structure.
Le Corbusian Contributions in Modern World Architecture
- Moscow projects (1928–1934)
- Ville Contemporaine, Plan Voisin and Cité Radieuse (1922–1939)
- World War II and Reconstruction; Unité d’Habitation in Marseille (1939–1952)
- Postwar projects, United Nations headquarters (1947–1952)
- Religious architecture (1950–1963)
- Chandigarh (1951–1956)
Purists, in addition to summary artwork pieces, had been created inside the shape of artwork and drawings through Le Corbusier. Wood sculptures – items that Le Corbusier created in his vintage age – also are most of the creative works of Charles Jeanneret aka Le Corbusier.
In the artwork of Le Corbusier, in motifs, in paperwork and colors, icons of architectural works are constantly being represented. Many of his letters have artwork and drawings on them. Le Corbusier created a type of mystery and really non-public diary through portray on paper and canvases.
As he grew older, he committed himself an increasing number of to the observe of shapes, images, and colors, which an increasing number of captured his very very own style. Great paintings are the “open hand”, a completely unique signal of giving and take, peace, happiness, additionally expressing the cohesion of humanity.
As a younger architect, Le Corbusier especially labored with fixtures that had already been designed. It turned into simplest after his pass to Paris and while he turned into already a movie star withinside the international of structure that his hobby in interiors and indoors layout grew.
Le Corbusier paid specific interest to tables, shelves, and, at last, chrome and leather-based armchairs. Modern classics consist of the cube-fashioned LC2 leather-based chair from 1928 and the 1929 chaise longue LC4, designed through Le Corbusier as a fixtures clothier.
For years, collectively with Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand, an incredible choice of clothier fixtures has advanced this is now taken into consideration as an indicator of elegance. The designs consist of round 340 precise works from layout classics to minimalist fixtures and furniture from the post-1930s.
His Life and Works on Modern Architecture has always been Controversial, He is regularly been criticized as being anti-sematic, Especially in 1940 when he wrote a letter to his mother stating that ” The Jews deserved to be treated for their lust and greed on Money”. He Also Criticized about Muslim Settlement in Algeria. All his Architectures involve symbols like Freedom, Struggle, and Social Work, Which People say that he often Misunderstands the Things which are happening around the World. He is always against the Torture of the WorkForce by architecting Less Work Space and Parking Space.
His Works of Architecture are there in almost 17 Countries, some of the buildings are destroyed due to Political crises and lack of care and Maintenance, But Many are still in Place and Strong. His Works are recognized around the world and all the Buildings which he has designed have been Granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 2016. Now Funding and Maintenance are going on for the Buildings which he designed. Le Corbusier is famous for ” Five Points of Architecture”.