Longmen Grottoes are Ancient Buddhist Caves located in Luoyang, China. Grottoes mean Caves. These caves are ancient caves and are the finest examples of Buddhist Art. There are tens of Thousands of Statutes of Sakhyamuni Budhha and his Disciples carved on Mountain Rock. There are also Temples dedicated to Buddha and his disciples.
The History of Longmen Grottoes is almost 1700-2000 years Old. The Emperor named Xiaowen of the Northern Wi dynasty shifted the Capital from Datong to Luoyang. He is inspired by Buddhism and carved Buddhist subjects on caves from 493 AD to 1127 AD.
Almost from there the carving of grottoes were in action from 493 to 1127 in Four Phases
- Wei dynasty 493-534
- Sui Dynasty 581-618
- Tang dynasty (618–907).
- Song Dynasty till End
It was during Tang Dynasty, Buddism Flourished and during Ming Dynasty from 1368 to 1414, The importance of Buddhism has grown both Nationally and Internationally.
The Architecture shows the beauty of the Craftsmanship and the Finest Carvings of Sakyamuni Buddha and his disciples. There are many Pagodas and Statues of Buddha. There are 2345 Caves and almost 100,000 Statues of Buddha starting from 1 Inch to Largest up to 57 ft.
All these main carvings were created by Huang Fu, Uncle of Empress Hu.
Grottoes and Temples
- Xiangshan Temple
- Bai Garden temple
- Tomb of Bai Juyi
Longmen Grottoes have been affected by Acid Rain activities and due to its long history, it has been damaged by natural erosion and human vandalism. This is very protected and preserved now by the Chinese Archeological Department and the Chinese Government.