Assam’s Biosphere Reserve, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Manas National Park Assam | Manas Tiger National Park | Manas Wild Life Sanctuary | Manas National Park UNESCO| Manas National Park History | Manas National Park UPSC
Manas National Park is another national Park like Kaziranga National Park in the same state of Assam and also on the banks of Brahmaputra River, The Kaziranga National Park Concentrated on the Conservation of Rhinos, But Mansas concentrated on the Conservation of Tigers and it is mostly a Tiger National Park.
This Park is likewise called Mansas Wild Life Sanctuary.. The Park protects many endangered species like Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur, and Pygmy Hog. The most Famous Wild Life animal in Masas is Wild Life Water Buffalo.
Located withinside the Himalayan foothills in western Assam, the densely forested Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is understood for its tiger and elephant populations. Its wetlands are of worldwide importance.
It is likewise the unmarried maximum vital site for the survival of pygmy hog, hispid hare, and golden langur. Also taken into consideration one of the international’s rarest simian species, the golden langur became first noticed in Manas withinside the mid-twentieth Century.
This is Located in Chirang and Baksha District of Assam State, This name mansas is originated from Mansas River, This river is a Major Tributary of the Brahmaputra River.
This Place is declared as a Sanctuary in 1928 by the British Government, The Bio Reserved was formed in 1973, Earlier this was used by the Cooch Behar Royal Family and Raja of Gauripur as a Hunting Reserve.
Manas is located on the Foot Hills of Himalayas, This Place will witness snowfall during the Winters, and also it is on the Banks of Manas river which is a tributary of Brahmaputra, Spread around 950 Sq Km and is in Assam State. It houses many wide varieties of Endangered Wild Animals, Species, Mammals, etc.
Situated alongside the West Bengal to Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan borders, the site is cited for its fantastic surroundings and harbors extra than 20 endangered species, making it the richest of all Indian natural world areas. Lying withinside the foothills of the outer Himalaya, this site is spread over a place of 500 sq. km having in-depth grasslands that are well-known for their precise scenic beauty.
Manas is the simplest panorama withinside the international in which pristine Terai Grasslands are visible merging with the Bhabar grasslands interspersed with various habitats ascending to Semi-Evergreen forests after which to Bhutan Himalayas. The Biodiversity could be very wealthy here. The closing populace of the Pygmy Hog lives on withinside the wilds of Manas and nowhere else withinside the international.
The Manas River flows via the western part of the park, in which it splits into 3 separate rivers. The Manas river a prime tributary of the Brahmaputra. Manas takes its call from the Goddess Manasa.
Protection of the Site
The belongings are controlled below the management of the Assam Forest Department / Bodoland Territorial Council. A complete and accredited Management Plan is a vital requirement, collectively with powerful patrolling and enforcement ability to cope with the threats of encroachment, grazing, and poaching.
The provision of infrastructure, professional personnel, and tracking preparations for the belongings are all vital requirements. Scientific studies and tracking for habitat and invasive species control and restoration of natural world populations is a selected vital for control to examine and hold the Outstanding Universal Value of the belongings.
The belongings are domestic to four hundred sorts of wild rice, additionally making the control of its biodiversity values of excessive significance to meals security.
Provision of powerful tourism facilities, traveler information, and interpretation is likewise a concern for park control. A sustainable financing mechanism desires to be ensured to offer the essential monetary sources for the long-time period of control of the belongings.
The surrounding buffer zones are controlled on a multiple-use basis, and stability is needed among conservation and useful resource extraction withinside the control of those regions.
Involvement of nearby groups who stay and employ the regions adjoining to the reserve in safety efforts for the belongings is vital, and a key control goal is to decorate their engagement and consciousness withinside the hobby of the maintenance of the belongings.
There is the ability to increase the belongings to coincide with the bounds of the countrywide park of which it bureaucracy the core. The status quo of transboundary global background belonging throughout the Indian and Bhutanese Manas Tiger Conservation Landscape might allow extra coordination and cooperation withinside the control of habitat and natural world populations and might support safety as well.
In 1951 the area of Masas was increased to 360 sq km. In 1985 This Site is declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site, But it was listed as Danger in 1992 by UNESCO due to Terrorist activities and Political Turmoil in that area and again was removed from the list of Danger in 2011. In 2008 The Area is increased to 950 sq km.
Manas was a sports reserve in 1928 and have become a Tiger Reserve in 1974, a World Heritage Site in 1985, and a Biosphere Reserve in 1989 then became declared as a National Park in 1990.
The park is contiguous with the Buxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal, and in 2003 it became declared a part of the Chirang-Ripu Elephant Reserve which serves because of the worldwide hall for elephant migration among India and Bhutan.
Best Time to Visit
Between The months of October and February is the best time to Visit Mansas Wildlife Sanctuary.
Entry Ticket Cost
For Indians Entry is 20 Rs.
For Forigners it is 250 Rs.
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Barpeta Road (32 km from Manas) is the nearest railhead. Manas is connected to all major cities of Assam by road. November to March is the best time. You can hire a cab from Guwahati and reach the national park, which 176 km away and would take you somewhere around 4 to 5 hours.
Covid 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.