Humayun’s Tomb Delhi | Humayun’s Tomb History | Humayun’s Tomb Akbar | Humayun’s Tomb Mughal Architecture | Humayun’s Tomb UNESCO | Humayun’s Tomb UPSC
There are Many Monuments in the basket of Mughals Architecture and one among them is the “Humayun’s Tomb” which was constructed in 1558 by his First Wife and Empress Bega Begum, It was commissioned by her and designed by his son Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, Sayyid Muhammad.
Also, Many other Persian Architects worked for this tomb, All these architects were chosen by Bega Begum. It was the First Garden Tomb Constructed in the Indian Subcontinent. This is located in the Nizamuddin East near Delhi.
In this place, There are many other tombs other than Humayun’s Tomb, Many Tombs belonging to the Mughal Empires clans like Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat, Muhammad Kam Bakhsh, and Alamgir II. It was granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 1993.
Initially, This is was not Humayun’s Tomb. After Humayun’s Death on January 27th, 1556 he was first Buried in Purana Qila, Delhi. Later it was taken to Punjab by khanjar Beg. It was looked after by Akbar, The Son of Emperor Humayun, He regularly Visited this Place till 1571 completion of Humayun’s Tomb.
Bega Begum asked her people to search for a site near Yamuna River and Found this Place, She Commissioned this site in 1558, The Construction started in 1565 and Completed in 1571.
Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (1508 – 1556), higher recognized with the aid of using his reign call Humayun become the son of Mughal Emperor Babur and the second one emperor of the Mughal Empire.
Humayun died as he slipped the staircase whilst looking to kneel down after listening to the decision to pray (Azaan). Akbar succeeded his father below a guardian, Bairam Khan as he was too young (thirteen years old) to run the kingdom.
Humayun’s frame was buried withinside the Purana Qila initially, shifted to Sirhind, Punjab afterward while Purana Qila was captured with the aid of using Hemu Vikramaditya and sooner or later ceremonially buried in his lawn tomb.
Commissioned with the aid of using for Bega Begam aka Haji Begum aka Hamida Banu Begum (Humayun’s first and favored Persian-born wife) and designed with the aid of using Mirak Mirza Ghiyas (Persian architect) withinside the mid-sixteenth century, Humayun’s Tomb is a mix of Mughal and Persian architecture.
Mirak Mirza Ghiyas’s son Sayyid Muhammad finished the tomb as his father died earlier than the tomb become constructed. The tomb shape become not noted absolutely as Agra has become the Mughal capital and the additional decline of the Mughals resulted withinside the deterioration of the monument.
The state of affairs worsened absolutely because the Britishers took over who allowed farmers to apply the premises for farming.
It served as a safe haven for the final Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1857 earlier than the British arrested and exiled him. At the time of the Partition of India, the tomb complicated become opened for Muslim refugees to installation camps which induced giant harm to the shape and its sizeable gardens.
The monument and its gardens have been sooner or later restored and preserved as a historical monument after the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) took over. The Protection of Humayun’s Tomb has been a consistent technique ever because it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Insights of Humayun Tomb
As you enter Humayun’s Tomb complex, the primary monument you encounter is the tomb of Isa Khan Niazi. This shape predates that of the Mughals. A crucial noble on the courtroom docket of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, his tomb is octagonal in shape – ordinary of the Sur architecture.
Mystery lurks over different outstanding structures, especially the only one called the Barber’s Tomb. A rectangular tomb with a double dome, it has now no longer been ascertained who’s buried here.
Other monuments of hobby consist of the Nila Gumbad, a shape that’s wrongly careworn with the Sabz Burj positioned out of doors the complicated on the junction of Mathura Road and Lodhi Road. While the previous is thought to were constructed in 1625 through Abdur Rahim Khan to surround the stays of his servant Fahim Khan, the latter is maximum likely a pre-Mughal shape. Two legends dominate the tale in the back of the Arab Sarai, a massive enclosure withinside the complicated.
Some say it became constructed through Haji Begum as a residential complicated for the three hundred Arab monks that she had added over from Mecca, whilst others say it became, in reality, the house of the Arab craftsmen who have been engaged withinside the production of the tomb. Another thriller is the lawn of Bu Halima whose beginning is likewise unknown. It is thought that an unidentified girl is buried here.
Humayan’s tomb complicated can rightly be referred to as a dwelling monument that has witnessed numerous levels of Indian history. It served because the haven of the final Mughal emperor for the duration of the riot of 1857 earlier than he became exiled to Burma, and sheltered lots of refugees for the duration of the partition violence.
Humayan’s tomb complex can rightly be called a living monument that has witnessed several phases of Indian history.
Humayun’s Tomb Architecture
The Architecture is of Indo Islamic Architecture, Also Typical Mughal Architecture where you seen blocks built using Red Sandstone and Marble. Architects from Persia arrived here to construct this Tomb.
Humayun Tomb is of Mughal Architecture and has very good Cultural Importance, So based on Cultural Category it was Granted UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.
This Tomb is on the banks of the Yamuna River, The Water Pollution and the Gases which it releases caused Slight damage like Color fading, etc.
Entry Ticket Fee
Entry Fee for SAARC Nations is 35 Rs and 550 for NON SAARC Countries.
Book Tickets here : PAYUMONEY
Qutub Minar is in Delhi, Which is the Capital City of India. There are plenty of other ways of Transportation to reach this place and also there is also a direct metro station to Qutub Minar.
Covid 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.