Nanda Devi National Park Himachal Pradesh | Nanda Devi National Park History | Nanda Devi National Park Peak | Nanda Devi National Park Geography | Nanda Devi National Park UNESCO | Nanda Devi National Park UPSC
Nanda Devi National Park is one of the maximum wonderful regions withinside the Himalayas. It is ruled with the aid of using the 7,800m top of Nanda Devi, India’s 2nd maximum mountain that’s approached thru the Rishi Ganga gorge, one of the private withinside the world.
No people stay withinside the Park which has remained greater or much less intact due to its rugged inaccessibility. It has totally numerous plants and is the habitat of numerous endangered mammals: the snow leopard, serow, Himalayan musk deer, and bharal.
The Valley of Flowers National Park close by protects one of the maximum lovely mountain wildernesses of the western Himalayas celebrated for its meadows of endemic alpine plants wherein greater than six hundred Himalayan species develop in a place of much less than 2,500 hectares.
It is likewise the habitat of the snow leopard, Asiatic black bear, brown bear, Himalayan musk deer, and bharal. Together, the parks maintain a transition sector among the jap and western Himalayan plants, the Zanskar mountains, and the Great Himalayas, lengthy praised in Hindu mythology and for over a century with the aid of using botanists and mountaineers.
Everyone around the world is aware of Keukenhof Gardens in the Netherlands, Where Different Types of Colors and Variety of Tulip Flowers are spread around acres and acres of Land, These are the Valley of Flowers in the Netherlands.
But India has such kind of Valley of Flowers earlier than the Netherlands and it is spread in between the Valleys. The Name of the Peak is Nanda Devi Peak which is 8000m and the entire Park Lies above the Sea Level of 3500m. This Park is Situated in Uttarakhand State and it was granted the status of World Heritage Site in 1988 by UNESCO.
Nanda Devi Geography
This is a Natural Park and the Flora and Fauna in this park are created naturally and not man-made like Keukenhof Gardens, These Flowers evolved naturally from the Valley of Himalayas and spread around 5200 Sq Km.
There were earlier attempts by British India to explore this place, But due to lack of equipment they couldn’t reach there and it was a failed attempt in 1888 and all other attempts in 1923 were also a failure.
But in 1934 a Successful explore by Eric Shipton and H.W Shilton was recorded and from than the team was set up to explore this beautiful valley.
The hiking path takes you to the coronary heart of a glacial basin, which is a geographical phenomenon. The valley fashioned through glacial erosion is characterized by a congregation of flower beds and numerous endangered species of animals and plants.
The path winds thru old-fashioned villages that take a seat down snugly on the foothills of a mountain, dense jungles, scree-encumbered steep slopes, and thrilling ridge walks. There were everyday sightings of musk deer, black endure, and blue sheep, and the occasional cameos through a snow leopard.
From these valleys, the Rishiganga River flows and you can see a wide variety of Plants, Flora, Fauna, and also a different variety of animals here. This park was opened in 1986 and was renamed Nanda Devi Valley of National Park.
Valley of Flowers
The Valley is 20 km northwest of Nanda Devi National Park throughout the extensive valley of the Bhiundhar Ganga. It is one in every of striking valleys mendacity at the top of the Bhiundhar valley, the opposite being the shorter Hemkund valley which runs parallel a few 10 km south.
It runs east-west about 15 km through a mean of 6 km extensive, withinside the basin of the Paspawati river, a small tributary flowing from the Tipra glacier which descends from Gauri Parbat withinside the east.
Its important valley, mendacity at approximately 3,500m, is a lightly willing basin of a few 1,000 hectares of alpine meadows, referred to as the Kundalinisen plateau, the forested slopes of which upward thrust sharply thru moraines to rocky ridges, forever snow-protected peaks and glaciers which collectively cowl 73% of the Alpine meadows cowl 21% and forests 6% of the rest.
The excessive surrounding mountains aren’t impassable and open to the south at Ghangrea (3,072m), 7 km downstream. There, the Paspawati meets the Lakshman Ganga, turning into the Bhiundhar Ganga which flows 15 km to Govindghat at its confluence with the Alaknanda, a tributary of the Ganges.
The fundamental surrounding peaks are Nar Parbat (5,245m) to the northwest, Nilgiri Parbat (6,479m) to the north, Rataban (6,126m) throughout the Bhuindhar Pass, with Gauri Parbat (6,708m) to the east, and Saptasring (5,038) to the south. The Lakshman Ganga flows from Lokpal lake (4,150m) withinside the Hemkund valley, miles visited the vicinity of pilgrimage.
The properly uncovered bedrock incorporates crystallines of the Vaikrita organization with sedimentary, mica schist, and shale rocks. The soils are acidic and preserve moisture properly.
Best Season to Visit
Summer is the best season to Visit Nanda Devi National Park. Because the Valley of Flowers will be clearly visible in summer.
This Place is maintained and developed now by Uttarakhand State Government, The Park was opened in 1986 and It was Granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 1988.
Climate Change is being witnessed around the world, Due to Climate change few Mountains Usually used to covered heavily by Snow, Now the snowfall is quite low and Landslides have happened.
Nanda Devi Entry Ticket Cost
There is no Ticket Fee, You have to Trek Mountains, Before that you must have a Health Check-Up because It is at a very High Altitude.
Nanda Devi Travel Route
The nearest airport to the Nanda Devi National Park is the Jolly Grant Airport of Dehradun which is 295 km away. From here you can hire a private taxi or board a local bus to reach Joshimath. After reaching this point, you will have to trek up to the park for about 13.5 km one wayFrom Thrillophilia
COVID 19 RESTRICTIONS
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.