Pattadakal

Pattadakal is located in Karnataka, Bagalkote District on the west bank of the Malaprabha River. This is a group of Temples belonging to Hindus and Jains in this Place.

The Sculptures are dedicated to Dancing Shiva and another goddess. The Exteriors are designed in a perfect way also all these were constructed between 600AD TO 700 AD. Pattadakal is given UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 1987.

History

Pattadakal in Kannada means ” Place of Coronation”, This Place is used for Celebrating Festivals and Ceremonies during the Period of the Chalukya Dynasty. It was built around the 7th Century. As the texture of the soil is red in color people use to call this ” Valley of Red Soil Coronation”.

In the 10th Century, this came under the hands-on Rashtrakutas, Later in the 11th and 12th Century Re Annexed by Chalukyas.13 the century under Delhi Sultanate. In the 15th century under Vijayanagara Empire.

After the Collapse of Vijayanagara, it was annexed by Adil Shahi Dynasty. In the 17th Century in the hands of the Mughal Empire’s Aurangazeb, Later Tippu Sulthan, and Finally in the 18th Century British Took it when it defeated Tippu Sulthan.

Architecture

The Architecture of Pattadakal Temples is of Dravidian Style and also it is of majorly two types one is North Indian(Rekha-Nagara-Prasada) and another one is South Indian Dravida Vimana Style.

The Stones used for these temples are mostly Red Rock Stones and also Temples Gopuram Represents the Style of Kailasanathar Temple in TamilNadu. The Plastering is done with a unique Mortor mixture which is still not been discovered by ASI.

Statues of Nataraja and Carvings of Goddess Laxmi, Saraswathi, Vishnu, and the Majority of Shiva are found in the Temples.

Tourism

Pattakadakal Group of Monuments in Karnataka attracts tourists from worldwide, Almost 1 Million People visited this place in 2019. This Place is UNESCO World Heritage Site and thus has an advantage for Tourists from other parts of the World. The Dance Festival is a Chalukya Dance and is held in the Month of January Festival Times (Pongal).

COVID 19 Restrcitions

Cases are rising again in India, But Maintaining social distancing and following precautions are mandatroy.

UNESCO WHS

This place was granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 1987, The reason being most cultural and also maintaining Culture and heritage of Buddism and Jainism in the form of Temples.

Travel Route

Belgaum is the nearest airport, which is 180 km from Pattadakal. The nearest Railway station is Badami which is 23 km away. Also, Bus Routes are directly available to pattadakal. Many Government Tourist Buses are available.

Timings and Ticket Price

Monuments are Maintained by Archeological Survey of India

Timings are between 6 AM TO 6 PM, Open All Days

UPSC POINTS

  • Pattadakal is located in Karnataka, Bagalkote District on the west bank of the Malaprabha River.
  • Temples belonging to Hindus and Jains in this Place.
  • constructed between 600AD TO 700 AD.
  • Pattadakal in Kannada means ” Place of Coronation”.
  • This Place is used for Celebrating Festivals and Ceremonies during the Period of the Chalukya Dynasty.
  • It was built around the 7th Century.
  • As the texture of the soil is red in color people use to call this ” Valley of Red Soil Coronation”.
  • In the 10th Century, this came under the hands-on Rashtrakutas, Later in the 11th and 12th Century Re Annexed by Chalukyas.
  • 13 the century under Delhi Sultanate. In the 15th century under Vijayanagara Empire.
  • After the Collapse of Vijayanagara, it was annexed by Adil Shahi Dynasty.
  • In the 17th Century in the hands of the Mughal Empire’s Aurangazeb, Later Tippu Sulthan, and Finally in the 18th Century British Took it when it defeated Tippu Sulthan.
  • The Architecture of Pattadakal Temples is of Dravidian Style.
  • Temples Gopuram Represents the Style of Kailasanathar Temple in TamilNadu.
  • This place was granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 1987.