Red Fort History | Reason Behind Red Fort Marble Color | Red Fort Architecture | Red Fort Flag Hoisting | Red Fort Timings | Red Fort UNESCO | Red Fort UPSC
Red Fort is the Historic Fort in the city of Old Delhi, It was constructed by Shah Jahan in the Sacred Month of Muharram on 13th May 1638 and was completed on 6th April 1649. It was commissioned for Construction by Shah Jahan as a Palace for his Capital Shahjahanabad.
The Fort is famous for its Boundary Walls built with Red Sandstone. It was under Mughal Emperors and later in the hands of British India. Every Year on Independence Day 15th August, the Prime Minister of India Hoists National Flag on Lahori Gate and Delivers Speech.
Shah Jahan who is also the One who Built the Taj Mahal commissioned Red Fort, He built as a palace for his Empire. The Mughal Emperors ruled this place for many years.
The construction started in the year 1638 and Completed in 1649. Almost it took 11 years to complete. The Main Architect of Red Fort is Ustad Ahmed Lahori, Who is also an architect for the Taj Mahal. That is why one of the gates Lahori is named after him. There are many Mahals, Chowks, and Gates in Fort.
The Owners of this building have been constantly changing. Mughal Empire from 1638-1760, Maratha Empire from 1760-1803, East India Company from 1803-1857, British India 1857-1947.
In the 12 months of 1530, Babur was replaced by Humayun. Many rulers then were given to recognize approximately the prominence of the castle and began out to invade.
Later Sher Shah Suri wins over Humayun and was given possession at the castle. He made modifications withinside the castle in step with his architectural taste. The Fort became dominated by the Sur dynasty for over 15 years. The Fort was then recaptured through Humayun in 1555.
After that the army commander and trendy of Adil Shah Suri, Hema Vikramaditya captured Agra. He chased the squaddies fled to Delhi and Tughlaqabad struggle ensued among him and Tardi Beg Khan, the Mughal military commander.
After Tardi Beg Khan dropping the struggle, Hema Vikramaditya became praised as a king through himself. Later after 1 month, Akbar and his military defeated Hemu. Again castle got here under the possession of Mughals. In history, the castle is called Badalgarh and it became constructed with the handiest bricks.
Akbar reconstructed the castle with pink sandstone. The castle became later changed through Shah Jahan and it took the modern form. According to his architectural taste, he destroyed a number of edifices. The castle became captured through Marata Empire withinside the seventeenth century.
The founding father of the Durrani Empire, Ahmad Shah Durrani defeated Marathas in 1761. It then remained as the house of the Durrani dynasty till 1785. Under the area of Mahadji Shinde, the castle became recaptured through Marathas in 1785. Later Marathas misplaced their nation withinside the palms of the British all through the Anglo-Maratha war. It remained under the management of the British authorities till 1947.
The Name Red Fort is given because of the Color Red, The Stone involved in the construction of this is Unique Red Sand Stone. It Completely Looks Red when you see it from a farther distance. The Interiors are designed in Persian and Hindu Style architecture.
The Architect for the red fort is Ustad Ahmed Lahori. Red Fort is spread about an area of 255 Acres surrounded by 2.5 Km High Compound Walls.
The base of the citadel became fashioned with bricks. The outside surfaces have been laid from the Red sandstone introduced from Rajasthan, Before that, the citadel press became constructed with purple sandstone. Shah Jahan destroyed many systems in the citadelress and constructed it with the assist of white marble.
The wall of Red Fort is fabricated from purple sandstones and the fringe is around 2 km. It is a semi-circle citadelress with its base on the riverbank of Yamuna. To keep away from the access of any intruder, the wall is constructed at a top of 70 feet. The citadelress carries four gates of which Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate are common.
Delhi Gate is taken into consideration as the safety gate and additionally the gate of royals. Through the primary gate, you may skip thru the Elephant Gate. The gate is understood for the electricity challenged through an elephant conflict and is usually used for the Indian army.
Tourist Route Inside
Tourists can input into the citadelress thru Amar Singh Gate. This gate will cause the price tag counter. From the price tag counter, you may attain the Jehangir palace courtyard. This vicinity is referred to as the surviving palace of the citadelress.
A marvelous monument carved out of unmarried stone, Hauz-I-Jehangir may be determined in the front of the Jehangir Palace. This vicinity is used for bathing withinside the past.
As you pass in the direction of the east, you may discover the house of Shah Jahan, Khas Mahal. It is fabricated from a pool and marble pavilion. From right here you may get a tremendous view of the Taj Mahal.
From there you may stumble upon AnguriBagh courtyard. From the garden, you may skip thru the underground steps to attain rooms and passages. In the northeast of the courtyard, you may stumble upon Mirror Palace.
In the north, you may discover the Mathamman Burj, which is an octagonal tower. It is the vicinity wherein Shah Jahan is imprisoned. This Palace is the first-class vicinity to identify the splendor of the Taj Mahal.
While achieving the third courtyard, you may discover a personal Audience that incorporates the peacock throne of Shah Jahan. There might be a mosque for ladies and the royal own circle of relatives at the north which is called Nagina Masjid. If you pass forward, you may discover the Hall of Public Audience and Ladies Bazaar.
UNESCO WHS Status
This was Given World Heritage Site Status by UNESCO in 2007, For its protection and display of the Culture and Heritage of the Mughal Empire.
It’s just 8 Kms away from New Delhi. There are Flights, Railways and Buses Directly to New Delhi
The Ticket Cost is Free you are supposed to see from outside.
Prime Minister of India, Will always give a Speech Addressing the Nation Twice a Year from Red Fort. One is During Republic Day and Another one is during Independence day.
Recently during republic day, Farmers protested during recent farm laws and they jumped on top of the fort and hoisted Farmers Flag.
Covid 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.