Mangroves are short-rooted Trees that are formed on Saline or Brackish Water. Mangroves occur Worldwide in Tropic and Subtropic Regions. Sundarbans are called Mangroves, Because Mangrove Trees are called Sundari( Beautiful). The Sundarbans are spread around 300 Kms Strech in Westbengal.
The Sundarbans are formed on the Delta region of the Ganges, It is called as Ganges Delta, Where the Ganga River mixes in the Sea in Westbengal, All these Mangroves are usually formed near the saline and brackish sea lines. The Mangroves are Salt water-resistant Trees.
The Mangroves are also Spread across Bangladesh. The Total Area of Sundarban is 10,000 Sq Km and almost 6000 Sq Km lies in Bangladesh and West Bengal has just 4000 Sq Km. This was declared as Wild Life Sanctuary in 1977 and in 1984 declared a National park. In 1987 it was granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status.
Sundarbans Protect the environment and Wild Life of the Planet, These are salt-resistant plants and mostly Mangroove Palm Trees and Root extended Trees survive here.
Many other trees also survive, Usually, Magrooves protect from withstanding heavy floods, sea tides, and also Tsunamis. They Act as a Protective Layer on the delta region. Apart from west Bengal, Five Other Places have mangrove Forests in India.
The Flora and Fauna is the heart of Sundarbans, There are a wide variety of mammals, reptiles, and also animals in these Sundarban. The Sundarbans are also Tiger Reserve areas, The Tiger Conservation program started here in 1988 and the Bengal tiger is frequently visible here in Palm Trees.
UNESCO WHS Site
The Sundarbans was declared as National Park in 1984, So Based on Natural Category UNESCO Has Granted World Heritage Site Status in 1984.
Best Season to Visit
These Sundarbans are usually near the Coast Line, But it can be Visited round the year, But Specifically it’s beauty will be enhanced during Monsoon and Winter Seasons.
Sundarbans can withstand Brackishly and Saline waters, Off Late few Human Activities has destroyed few acres of Sundarban, But Later Government Took extreme steps and now it is completely Normal. Sundarbans Protect Mainlands from Floods and other Climate Changes.
Entry Ticket Cost
As Sundarbans are on the water, You must travel using boats, So the boat price will be about 500 Rs per person and also there are few cottages and stays in the Islands of Sundarban. It Costs 1000 Rs per Head.
Sundarban National Park is very close to Kolkata, It is Just 110 km away from Kolkata. There are many Transportation Routes to Kolkata like Railways, Buses and also International Flights.