Many people around the World have the enthusiasm to learn about Chinese History, Architecture, and its Kingdom. But due to Internet restrictions in China, Only a few sites like Baidu, Which is the official search engine of China provide more information. But we will try to provide the best information in the best possible way.
China is officially called the People’s Republic Of China, There are almost 55 Official UNESCO World Heritage Sites in China. Out of which 37 are related to Cultural, 14 Natural, and the other 4 belong to both cultural and natural.
Terracotta Warriors is a collection of terracotta army sculptures and it depicts the armies of Qin Shi Huang, In 1974 when local farmers in Shaanxi, China were digging land for agricultural activities, But they found a sculpture and as they keep on digging there came many sculptures. Then Archeological Department came and excavated a few percent of the site, They came to the conclusion that these sculptures are the sculptures of the Terracotta Army and were sculptured around 2000 years ago way back in 210 BC.
This Unearthing was the Historic Moment in the History of Archeological Excavation. Farmers in the lintong county, In 1974 where a man named Yang Zhifa and his five brothers were digging a well and suddenly they found a pot. As they went on Digging they found Clay-shaped warrior sculptures. Later Archeological Department came and started excavations and was the greatest Unearthing in History. Where They found around 8000 Sculptures each of different facial expressions.
All these warriors were sculptures using clay and shaped based on Ranks. Also, after conducting research they found that initially all these statues were colored using Natural colors. But everything faded away after being buried and later, Due to a chemical reaction a purple color is formed on statues which are found only in this place.
This Site has a Cultural Importance. So based on the Criteria. It was granted UNESCO World Heritage Site Status in 1987.
TimeLine and Idea
Terracotta means a Colour. It looks like a mixture of Reddish Brown, Also Sometimes it Looks like orange. This Museum is known as the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. The Army is known as the Terracotta army Because all the soldier statues were built using Terracotta Clay. This Mausoleum was constructed between 246 BC to 208BC.
This was commissioned by Qin Shi Huang, The First Chinese Emperor. He believed in After Life. He was obsessed with his morality, So he spent his last days hiring Alchemists and Sending the army for Expeditions worldwide to find out about Elixir Of Life So that he remains immortal forever. He Commissioned for building soldier statues and using the elixir, Some How magically transfer soul to the constructed clay statue and continue his life after death. Also after the death of Qin Shi Huang, His Tomb was constructed in an underground palace and still, it has not been excavated as archeologists fear that it may damage the site in a big way.
This is was an Underground Museum, This is underneath a 76-meter tall tomb. Initially, all the Statues were colored with different colors, But as it was exposed to sun and other climatic conditions, The Color Faded away. And a purple-colored substance has formed around the statues. It is due to the chemical reaction of that ground. This may be due to Natural Minerals in Lintong County says, Archeologists.
Terracotta Travel Route
To Visit Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. There are many ways. All the ticket fares and Budget plans are on the below site. Please visit that ChinaHighlights