Ashoka Pillar Sanchi | Ashoka Pillar Buddism | Sanchi Stupa UNESCO | The Great Stupa | Sanchi Stupa UPSC | Ashoka Pillar at Sanchi History | Ashoka Pillar at Sanchi Travel Details

Sanchi is a Hill Top in Sanchi Town Located in Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh State in India. There are a group of Buddhist Monuments dedicated to Gautham buddha on this hilltop. This is a Buddhist Monument Site that is more than 2300 Years Old.

In this same risen district you can find many sites related to Buddism, Another one is Bhimbetka. There are the largest temples and Stupas in Sanchi. These Monuments are built by Ashoka.

Sanchi History

There are a Group of Monuments now in Sanchi like Gateways, Stupas and Temples dedicated to Buddism, All these started from the Period of the Maurya Empire. The Great King Ashoka was from Maurya Empire and Built Buddist Empire and also Ashoka Pillar and also built a Temple.

During Shinga Period in the 2nd Century BC, First Stupa is built on the Hill Top. During Satavahana Period between 1 Century BC to 1 AD, they built Eastern Gateway.

The Great Stupa at Sanchi has been the point of interest of the Buddhist religion withinside the vicinity because it turned into constructed through Emperor Ashoka withinside the third century BC.

The grand shape nonetheless evokes awe these days and sits on the pinnacle of a hill, surrounded through the stays of smaller stupas, monasteries, and temples that had been constructed because the non-secular network grew withinside the centuries.

Sanchi Architecture.

The Inscriptions on the Pillars are Carved on Rocks and assembled on the Pillar. The Stupas which are built on the Hill Top are built using Large bricks, This type of Architecture is used in many other Buddhist Shrines. Most of the Carvings are done on rocks.

It explains the folklores of Gautama Buddha and his journey of enlightenment and the life cycle of Buddha. Some of the Inscriptions and sculptures also depict Buddha’s past life and next Life.

Despite its marvelous scale these days, the unique Ashokan stupa turned into approximately 1/2 of the dimensions and constructed from huge bricks and dust mortar. It’s believed it had raised terraces on the base, turned into enclosed through a timber railing, and turned into topped through a stone umbrella.

The stupa turned into enlarged the usage of nearby sandstone at some stage in the Sunga period, which started approximately 50 years after Ashoka’s death. The elaborately carved gateways had been brought later, withinside the 1st century BC.


The fundamental frame of the stupa symbolizes the cosmic mountain. It is crowned through a ‘harmika’ to maintain the triple umbrella, or ‘chhatraveli’, which represents the 3 jewels of Buddhism – the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. The excessive round terrace in opposition to the bottom is obtainable through staircases and is designed for worshippers so as to stroll across the stupa. On the floor level, there’s no other procession route this is surrounded by stone balustrades.

The gateways on the 4 cardinal factors are the highlights of the structure, with a sequence of precise carvings displaying Buddhist symbols and critical historic and non-secular scenes. Interestingly, Buddha is continually proven in those carvings as an image and now no longer as a human. He is represented at the gateways as a horse without a rider, an umbrella above an empty throne, the Bodhi tree, or as footprints.

The Wheel or Chakra

One of the early sutras (a set of sayings attributed to the Buddha forming a spiritual text) facts that the Buddha gave particular instructions concerning the perfect technique of honoring his remains (the Maha-parinibbāna sutra): his ashes had been to be buried in a stupa on the crossing of the legendary 4 superb roads (the 4 instructions of space), the unmoving hub of the wheel, the area of Enlightenment.

If one thinks of the stupa as a circle or wheel, the unmoving middle symbolizes Enlightenment. Likewise, the practitioner achieves stillness and peace whilst the Buddhist dharma is completely understood.

Many stupas are positioned on a rectangular base, and the 4 facets constitute the 4 instructions, north, south, east, and west. Each aspect frequently has a gate withinside the middle, which lets the practitioner go into from any aspect. The gates are referred to as Torana.

Each gate additionally represents the 4 superb existence occasions of the Buddha: East (Buddha’s birth), South (Enlightenment), West (First Sermon in which he preached his teachings or dharma), and North (Nirvana). The gates are growing to become at proper angles to the axis Mundi to signify motion withinside the way of the fingers of a svastika, a directional image that, in Sanskrit, approach “to be top” (“su” approach top or auspicious and “asti” approach to be). The Torana is directional gates guiding the practitioner in the ideal route on the ideal direction to Enlightenment, the expertise of the Four Noble Truths.


Sanchi is located in Bihar and Not only Stupa and Ashoka Pillar, but It also has a Group of Monuments dedicated to Buddhism and many other temples in this area, Which has very great Historical Importance. Based on the Cultural Heritage Protection it does, UNESCO Granted World Heritage Site Status in 1989.

All the Highlighted Black Lines are useful points for UPSC Exam Preparation.

Best Season To Visit Sanchi

Historical Monuments like Sanchi should be visited during the Winter Season, Because Summers heat up the rocky place which will be quite a discomfort, Between the months of October to January, It is recommended to visit this Place.

Climate Effect

As this is 2000-year-old Stupa, It withstood many Changes and is still strong, There are just a few damages here and there due to human activities and some may be due to years and years of withstanding many climatic changes.

Entry Ticket Cost

Tickets are available in Bookmyshow and Paytm, Entry Fee is 40 Rs for Indians and 600 for Foreigners. The Timings are from morning 6 AM to 6:30 PM. You can book tickets at the official link of the Website Given Below and also this is controlled by the Archeological Survey Of India.


Travel Route

Sanchi Stupa is just 55 km away from Bhopal, So There are many ways to Reach Bhopal like Train, Bus. From there you can hire either Taxis or Buses are also available. Travel Cost will be approximately about 5000 to 7000.


Hotels and Stays are completely available in Bhopal.

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