Sikkim’s Mixed Heritage Site, The Khangchendzonga National Park
khangchendzonga national park pronunciation | khangchendzonga pronunciation | khangchendzonga National Park History | khangchendzonga Mixed Site UNESCO | khangchendzonga UPSC
Khangchendzonga is a Chinese Pronunciation, But The Original Name is Kanchenjunga, Which actually originated from Kachana Ganga, The Actual meaning of Kanchana Ganga is Lord Shiva and Ganga Devi. But here the Khangcehndzonga is discussed because of its National Park in Sikkim.
The Khanchunjenga Peak is the Worlds 3rd Highest Peak and it is about 8300 m. The Total Park area is Spread about 830 Sq Km. This park is famous for a wide variety of Bird Species and also this is home to 1/3rd of India’s Bird Diversity, Wild Trees, and also Flowering Plants.
This excessive altitude countrywide park in Yuksom is understood for its impressive flora and fauna in which distinct animal species consisting of Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Great Tibetan Sheep, Bharal, Musk deer, and so forth may be spotted. The park additionally has some hen species just like the Black-necked Crane.
Besides this, the countrywide park additionally has over 17 alpine lakes in conjunction with a view of approximately 19 Himalayan mountains peaks, among that is the famous Mount Khangchendzonga. There is likewise a sacred shrine named Tholung Monastery withinside the buffer quarter of the countrywide park.
This Place is situated between the North and West Sikkim parts of India, It has an elevation of 1800m to 8000m and almost spread around 850 sq km. The Flora and Fauna are very rich in Khanchendzonga National Park, Many Birds like oaks, fir, birch, maple, and Willow.
The Vegetation of Park has many Alpine types of grass and many medicinal herbs and plants which cure many diseases. This has both cultural and Natural Importance, It is naturally created and at the same time completely developed by human interference.
This is the First Indian Place where it is given World Heritage Site status based on Mixed Heritage Criteria, Which Means both Cultural and Natural Categories in 2016 by UNESCO.
Significance of the Park
The assets fall in the Himalaya international biodiversity hotspot and present an unsurpassed variety of sub-tropical to alpine ecosystems. The Himalayas are the narrowest right here ensuing in extraordinarily steep terrain which magnifies the difference among the diverse eco-zones which characterize the assets.
The Park is placed inside a mountain variety of world biodiversity conservation importance and covers 25% of the State of Sikkim, stated as one in all India’s maximum massive biodiversity concentrations. The assets are domestic to a massive quantity of endemic, uncommon, and threatened plant and animal species.
The assets have one of the maximum quantity of plant and mammal species recorded withinside the Central/High Asian Mountains, and additionally have an excessive quantity of chicken species. Khangchendzonga National Park’s grandeur is plain and the Khangchendzonga Massif, different peaks, and panorama capabilities are respected throughout numerous cultures and religions.
The mixture of extraordinarily excessive and rugged mountains blanketed via way of means of intact old-boom forests as much as the surprisingly excessive timberline similarly provides to the top-notch panorama beauty.
Mount Khangchendzonga and plenty of herbal capabilities in the assets and its wider putting are endowed with deep cultural meanings and sacred significance, giving shape to the multi-layered panorama of Khangchendzonga, that is sacred as a hidden land each to Buddhists (Beyul) and to Lepchas as Mayel Lyang, representing a completely unique instance of co-lifestyles and alternate among one of a kind nonsecular traditions and ethnicities, constituting the bottom for Sikkimese identification and unity.
The ensemble of myths, memories, and fantastic events, in addition to the sacred texts themselves, carry and make occur the cultural meanings projected onto herbal sources and the indigenous and unique Buddhist cosmogony that advanced withinside the Himalayan region.
The indigenous conventional understanding of the residences of neighborhood flora and the neighborhood ecosystem, which is atypical to neighborhood peoples, is on the verge of disappearing and represents a treasured supply of statistics at the recuperation residences of numerous endemic flora.
The conventional and formality control device of forests and the herbal sources of the land concerning Buddhist monasteries specific the energetic measurement of Buddhist cosmogonies and will make a contribution to the assets’ powerful control.
Khangchedzonga National Park is the heartland of a multi-ethnic lifestyle which has developed over time, giving upward push to a multi-layered syncretic non secular tradition, which centres at the herbal surroundings and its incredible features.
This kinship is expressed via way of means of the area surrounding Mount Khangchendzonga being respected as Mayel Lyang via way of means of the indigenous peoples of Sikkim and as a beyul (sacred hidden land) in Tibetan Buddhism.
It is a particular Sikkimese shape of sacred mountain cult which is continued via way of means of regularly-accomplished rituals, each via way of means of Lepcha human beings and Bhutias, the latter appearing rituals: the Nay-Sol and the Pang Lhabsol.
The kinship among the human groups and the mountainous surroundings has nurtured the elaboration of a profound conventional understanding of the herbal assets and in their properties, specially in the Lepcha community. Mount Khangchendzonga is the critical detail of the socio-non secular order, of the solidarity and unity of the ethnically very various Sikkimese groups.
UNESCO WHS Status
This Site has many Cultural Influences and also Government of India took utmost care and expanded this park and also cultivated many medicinal herbs and grass. Also, this is a Naturally Formed Site, Based on the Mixed Criteria which means which satisfies both Cultural and Natural Categories, This is the First Mixed Category Site Granted by UNESCO in 2016.
Best Season to Visit
Summers are the Best season to Visit this Site especially between March and May, Winter season starts with snowfall between September to November.
Due to Ongoing Global Warming throughout the world, Many Glaciers and Mountains have melted down, there is a potential impact of Climate Change on Khangchendzonga.
Entry Ticket Fee
You need to completely have a body check-up, Because it is at a high altitude, You may face health issues depending on your body type, The Entry Ticket cost is 350 for Indians and 560 for Foreigners.
Covid 19 Restrictions
As of July 2021, Lock Down is Lifted in some places in India, Also Few places are restricted as per timings, All Monuments / Parks are open up till a certain time. Further updates will be posted, But International Travelers better skip this season for Travel to India.
Click on Below image for More details
Covid 19 Restrictions
There is Going Lock Down, Temporarily this place is closed for Visiting.