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Probably the oldest constantly inhabited vicinity in Delhi, the vicinity across the Qutub Complex, normally called Mehrauli is the site of Delhi’s oldest fortified metropolis, Lal Kot, based through the Tomar Rajputs in advert 1060.
The best remnants of this era are the castle partitions and the Iron Pillar, which may also have been moved right here through the Tomar kings. The Chauhan Dynasty changed the Tomars because of the rulers of Delhi withinside the mid-12th century.
The ultimate ruler of this dynasty, Prithviraj Chauhan, enlarged the fort of Lal Kot to shape Qila Rai Pithora. A lot decrease fortification of Qila Rai Pithora had a circumference of approximately eight km and 28 gates. Today, the best 3 gates and a part of the wall stay of the authentic castle.
It is thought that the maximum amazing homes of this era had been twenty-seven Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain temples, on the site in which the Qutb Minar stands today.
The Turks invaded the metropolis of Lal Kot in advert 1192, and those temples had been destroyed as an act of war, and their pillars used to construct Delhi’s first mosque, the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque (1192).
This shape is a masterpiece of Indo-Muslim artwork and one of the oldest mosques in India. Its oldest quantities had been constructed the usage of pillars from temples constructed through the Rajputs, however, it underwent stages of similar expansion, withinside the 1230s and 1300s.
Probably the maximum extensive constructing of early Turk rule (known as the Delhi Sultanate) is the Qutb Minar (A UNESCO World Heritage Site) constructed withinside the early part of the 13th century, through the emperors Qutbuddin Aibak and Iltutmish as an image of victory.
Damage to the Qutb Minar turned into repair through many sultans at some point of next durations of history, the ultimate of that principal maintenance had been done through the British who brought to the tower withinside the 1820s, a cupola and sandstone railings at the balconies.
The Tower is known as a Minaret in Urdu, Qutub Minar is known as the Victory Tower of Mughal Empire, This Qutub Minar is almost 72 meters high, 14.3 meters base diameter, and 379 Steps to Climb Inside. This was built on the ruins of Lal Kot of Dhillika, The Name from which Delhi is Evolved. The Delhi Sultanate arrived in Delhi in the 1070s.
The Then General Qutub-ud-din-aibak a deputy of Muhammed of Ghor Founded Delhi Sultanate after his death. The Construction of Qutub Minar started in 1199 by Qutub-ud-din-aibak and was completed in 1220 during the reign of his son iltutmish. This Site is granted World Heritage Site Status in 1993 by UNESCO.
The Qutub Minar is renowned for its architectural splendor, combining elements of Indo-Islamic and Persian styles. The tower, standing at approximately 73 meters (240 feet) and consisting of five distinct stories, is a sandstone and marble marvel that tapers towards the top, creating a stunning visual effect. The first three stories feature intricately carved fluted designs, while the upper two stories incorporate elegant balconies with intricate geometrical patterns and inscriptions from the Quran.
The minaret’s architectural style reflects the fusion of cultures that defined Delhi during that era. The use of red sandstone, white marble inlays, and ornate carvings is reminiscent of traditional Indian craftsmanship, while the angular brackets and intricate motifs showcase Islamic influences.
The Qutub Minar and its surrounding structures are adorned with inscriptions that tell tales of the past. These inscriptions not only celebrate the rulers’ military triumphs but also reflect their devotion to Islam and their vision of creating a lasting legacy. The inscriptions also serve as a testament to the cosmopolitan nature of Delhi, with texts in Arabic and Sanskrit, showcasing the linguistic diversity of the time.
The Qutub Minar complex is more than just a historic structure; it represents the convergence of diverse cultural influences that have shaped Delhi’s history. The intricate carvings, verses from the Quran, and inscriptions in Arabic and Nagari script provide insights into the political, religious, and artistic values of the time. The minaret, originally intended as a symbol of victory, has transformed into an emblem of India’s rich cultural heritage and architectural excellence.
Very close to Qutub Minar, there’s one remarkable structure also. Quwwat-ul-Islam is the following some other remarkable view of Qutub Minar. It is the primary mosque constructed in India.
Qutbudding constructed it and it stayed along with twenty-seven Hindus together with Jain temples. It has taken assist from Hindu artisans for its construction.
Iron Pillar is the following well-known structure close to Qutub Minar. This became the construction withinside the 4th century of the Gupta Period. Its peak is 7.2 meters. Iron Pillar became built withinside the reminiscence of Chandragupta II.
At the pinnacle of this pillar, there’s the photo of Hindu God Garuda. The attractive element of this pillar is that it has around 98% Iron however it’s been stood rustles for a closing 1600 years.
One well-known notion connected with this constructing is that the individual gets his needs if he encircles the column with having a hand being their back. Qutub Minar has many superposed flanged and cylindrical shafts, separated through balconies carried on Muqarnas corbels. The Qutub Minar became built at the stays of the Lal Kot, the Red Citadel in the the metropolis of Dhillika. This became the capital of the Tomars, Chauhan’s emperors.
They have been closing the Hindu kings of Delhi. One of the engraving at the Qutub Minar is “Shri Vishwakarma prasad rachita” (Conceived with the grace of Vishwakarma.) In Past Qutub Minar became used as an eye tower.
The outside partitions of Qutub Minar monitor its records of construction, with chiseled Parso-Arabic and Nagari individual carvings. The inscriptions virtually describe the motive, way, time taken, and each minute element approximately this monument.
From the tricky carvings, you’ll observe an air of mystery of Afghanistan pattern, combined with nearby creative conventions having garlands and lotus borders. Fortunately, renovations of the minaret in the course of time have maintained the unique appeal of the building.
Each of the 5 specific storeys has a projected balcony that circles the Minar (subsidized through stone brackets). The first 3 storeys are made with pink sandstone whilst the ultimate has been built the usage of marble and sandstone. If you appearance intently the cylindrical shaft has inscriptions of the Quran.
UNESCO WHS Status
The Qutub Minar, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an architectural masterpiece that traces its origins back to the 12th century. Commissioned by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, the tower was envisioned as a symbol of victory and Islamic dominance over northern India. Its construction began in 1192, during the reign of Aibak, and continued under successive rulers, culminating in the completion of the final structure by Iltutmish, his successor.
The Qutub Minar complex also includes several other significant structures, such as the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, the Iron Pillar, and more, each contributing to the historical and cultural tapestry of the site.
Best Season to Visit
Winter, Monsoon and Spring is the Best Season to Visit Qutub Minar
There have been few damages due to Climate changes like Color fading and also a few Monuments on the walls had faced few damages, But it is now protected and well maintained by ASI.
Today, the Qutub Minar welcomes thousands of visitors from around the world who are drawn by its historical allure and architectural marvels. Exploring the complex allows visitors to immerse themselves in the stories of Delhi’s past, witness the fusion of artistic traditions, and appreciate the craftsmanship of a bygone era.
Entry Ticket Fee
Qutub Minar is Maintained by ASI, It is Open all days
The Opening and Closing Timings are 7 AM TO 5PM.
Entry Fee is 35 for Indians, 550 for Foreigners.
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Qutub Minar is in Delhi, So there are many ways of Transportation to reach Delhi, Via Train, Bus or Through Air, Upon reaching Delhi you’ll have Buses and Metro Services which directly drop you near the destination.